Sshd logs

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sshd[1] secure shell daemon.


Logs: journalctl -u ssh[edit]

Dec 01 07:01:05 SERVER sshd[15647]: PAM service(sshd) ignoring max retries; 5 > 3 sshd[15647]: PAM service(sshd) ignoring max retries; 5 > 3
See: MaxAuthTries in sshd_config
Dec 11 09:29:36 SERVER sshd[5506]: Received disconnect from 103.217.11.10 port 43200:11: Bye Bye [preauth]
ssh.service: Found left-over process 30050 (sshd) in control group while starting unit. Ignoring.
Unable to negotiate with 55.xxx.455.45 port 30367: no matching cipher found. Their offer: aes256-cbc,rijndael-cbc@lysator.liu.se,aes192-cbc,aes128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour,3des-cbc,none [preauth]

Unsuccessful authentication attempts[edit]

journalctl -r | egrep "Failed password for|Unable to negotiate with|maximum authentication attempts|Failed publickey for"

Invalid user USERNAME from 54.xxX.138.126 port 39980
error: maximum authentication attempts exceeded for root from 10.10.10.110 port 40314 ssh2 [preauth]
Jan 08 11:18:03 SERVER sshd[7429]: Failed password for invalid user USERNAME from 212.XXX.98.46 port 63474 ssh2
Jan 11 11:15:34 SERVER sshd[7024]: Failed password for USERNAME from 19x.118.XXX.62 port 41430 ssh2
Unable to negotiate with 55.xxx.455.45 port 30367: no matching cipher found. Their offer: aes256-cbc,rijndael-cbc@lysator.liu.se,aes192-cbc,aes128-cbc,arcfour128,arcfour,3des-cbc,none [preauth]


Example of failed login with verbose mode, see (sshd logs):
May 07 15:55:01 SERVER sshd[1870524]: Failed none for  USERNAME  from 23.33.xx.xx port 12616 ssh2
May 07 15:55:01 SERVER sshd[1870524]: Failed publickey for  USERNAME  from 23.33.xx.xx port 12616 ssh2: RSA SHA256:tAkCKfvCmOTpVeceSyAOy9Sjyp213hQ7RLTyKUaNw12
May 07 15:55:00 SERVER sshd[1870524]: Connection from 23.33.xx.xx port 12616 on 10.10.10.xx port 22 rdomain ""

Successful authentication attempts[edit]

journalctl -r | egrep "Accepted publickey for|Accepted password for"

sshd[17161]: Accepted publickey for USERNAME from
Accepted password for USERNAME from 95.14.XXX.214 port 52731 ssh2

ChrootDirectory related[edit]

May 05 14:01:41 SERVER_NAME sshd[1825292]: fatal: bad ownership or modes for chroot directory "/home/USERNAME

All components of the pathname must be root-owned directories that are not writable by any other user or group (Sftp configuration)

Connection clossing[edit]

May 18 11:05:30 SERVER_NAME sshd[2427302]: error: kex_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host


Oct 12 09:03:39 SERVER_NAME sshd[2963]: User XXXX not allowed because account is locked

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • https://man.cx/sshd(1)
  • https://serverfault.com/a/608976